Mangrove for Future 2.0
Johor coastal area had lost up to four meters annually (adapted from Berita Harian 11th of September 2017) due to the erosion of wave against the shore and the banks experienced continuously. A few areas that had been identified where the level of erosion is very critical is Batu Pahat, Tanjung Piai, Pontian and Kukup Island. The most affected area is Tanjung Piai where the wave is larger due to ships intervention at the waterways. This is because, the mangrove swamps are narrowing in its size, mangrove plant know to serve as a buffer against wave erosion.Other than that, we had observed other problems that arise with the current situation of narrowing mangrove swamps which is the decrease of seafood captured by those fishermen. This will definitely affect fishermen monthly income and seafood production, especially in Johor.Therefore, Mangrove seedlings is an important process to solve this problem. Mangrove seedlings are the process where we will put all the seeds in particular polybags. These seedlings will be placed in protected mangrove swamps. Monitoring of seedlings will be done for the period of 5-6 months and those mangrove plant will be taken out to be planted at the highlighted area.
Overview of Issue / Background
Johor coastal area had lost up to four meters annually (adapted from Berita Harian 11th of September 2017) due to the erosion of wave against the shore and the banks experienced continuously. A few areas that had been identified where the level of erosion is very critical is Batu Pahat, Tanjung Piai, Pontian and Kukup Island. The most affected area is Tanjung Piai where the wave is larger due to ships intervention at the waterways. This is because, the mangrove swamps are narrowing in its size, mangrove plant know to serve as a buffer against wave erosion.
Other than that, we had observed other problems that arise with the current situation of narrowing mangrove swamps which is the decrease of seafood captured by those fishermen. This will definitely affect fishermen monthly income and seafood production, especially in Johor.
Therefore, Mangrove seedlings is an important process to solve this problem. Mangrove seedlings are the process where we will put all the seeds in particular polybags. These seedlings will be placed in protected mangrove swamps. Monitoring of seedlings will be done for the period of 5-6 months and those mangrove plant will be taken out to be planted at the highlighted area.
Project Objectives (Vision & Mission)
1. Helps fishermen doing the seedling process at Kampung Sungai Durian jetty, Pontian.
2. Preparing a well-grown mangrove seedling to be re-planted at the problematic area.
3. Enhancing university students to be more responsible towards mother nature.
Project Details (Activities and Tasks)
Phase 1 (August) – Discussion with representatives from fishermen community and the head of JARING NGO’s to identify the area and actual date for the programme.
Phase 2 (August) – Discussion with volunteers from UiTM and programme final preparation.
Phase 3 (September-October) – The main programme is being conducted.
Phase 4 (October-November) – Article and report writing process together with slides preparation for presentation purposes.
Expected Project Result & Outcomes
1. The growing process of the total of 2000 mangrove seedlings can be properly set up.
2. Preparing a proper area for JARING usage to complete seedlings process.
0% of RM1.00 Goal
|University name||:||Universiti Teknologi MARA Pasir Gudang|
|Project leader name||:||Muhammad ‘Irfaan Fikri Bin Abd Rahman|
|Project implementation date||:||2018-09-29|
|Location of project held||:||Jeti Kampung Sungai Durian. Pontian, Johor|
|Beneficiary||:||JARING Members, Fishermen, Villagers, UiTM Students|
|Number of beneficiaries||:||100-200 people|
This project main objective Is to preserve, conserve and give awareness about the importance of our mangrove swamp. This is to ensure the next generation of Malaysia will have a better and greater life with a good and well-protected ecosystem.
The project had also received some form of contribution from the other sources. This is the symbol of the support received by us to run this project. One of it is from the McDonald Restaurant who had sponsored a 160 pax of McChicken Burger to be given to all volunteers during the program. There are also sponsors from individuals such as lecturers in form of providing toiletries and other compulsory items to the volunteers. The university (UiTM) also contribute an amount of RM320 from the ‘Tabung Amanah Pelajar’ (TAP) in order to support this program.
Life without challenge is impossible, so does our project. Throughout the project implementation, our team had faced with a few series of difficulties such as high tide which will definitely disrupt the project. Next, it is quite hard to find mangrove seedlings since it is not the fall season of seedlings. The participants or the volunteers are also one of the difficulties that we need to cater as most of them had ‘zero’ experienced about mangrove swamps. Last but not least, the low water pressure at the project implementation sites. This had caused difficulties for all volunteers to take bath and clean up themselves.
Since the Jeti Kampung Sungai Durian is situated in Johor and majority of the villagers is Malay, there is no language or cultural barriers throughout the project implementation. At the first phase of this project, after observing the tide level and also weather forecast in that particular location we are worried about not achieving our target of planting an amount of 5000 mangrove seedlings at Jeti Kampung Sungai Durian, Pontian, Johor. Then, on the day of the project implementation, with the help of a good weather condition and a bunch of very dedicated volunteers, the team manage to achieve the target of planting 5000 mangrove seedlings.
This project seems to give a lot of benefit to the people especially in Jeti Kampung Sungai Durian, Pontian. This project had encouraged JARING to enhance their facilities at the jetty which will benefit those fishermen. Furthermore, the fishermen will also benefit with increasing aquatic life and also a better swamp as the swamp can avoid erosion. For the participant and volunteers, no other things can exchange their valuable experience as this is one step of showing our love to mother nature and also with the effort to preserve our swamps, this can help in protecting our food cycle where the projects seem to be very beneficial to each and every one of us.
Mangrove for Future 2.0 also seems to be a sustainable project as this is a continuation from the first series of Mangrove for Future. We believe that in the nearest time, Mangrove for Future 3.0 can be conducted. This project also has proven to carry a long-term impact such as reduce erosion at the coast and helps in protecting the aquatic lives habitat.
As has been stated before, Mangrove for Future 2.0 is basically a programme which nurturing the community to preserve and conserve the environment which includes the mangrove habitats. Thus, there are a lot of people who would get the benefits from this programme directly or indirectly in short and long-term. In a short-term, there are a few parties which get benefits from this project such as the project’s participants which consists students from UiTM Kampus Pasir Gudang and the fisherman’s association (JARING Malaysia). A good relationship has been developed between both parties during this programme. The fisherman’s association (JARING Malaysia) has willingly to give their support and help us in handling our next programme. This is a great joint venture between our party and the fisherman’s association at Jeti Kampung Sungai Durian, Pontian, Johor. Besides that, this project also contributes an income for the fisherman’s association over there as they can sell the matured mangrove seeds either to government or private association whom willingly plant the mangroves.
For the long-term contributions of this project, it includes the food cycle, a good infrastructure and also tourist’s local attraction. By conserving and preserving the mangroves, it will secure the food cycle for us, community and also the future generation as many of the sea habitats start to grow at the mangrove area. In addition, Jeti Kampung Sungai Durian, Pontian Johor will be upgrading their infrastructure as this area will be commercialized as the seed nursery in Johor and being the tourist’s local attraction. This project has convinced the community in that area to upgrading to a better infrastructure and helps them to commercialize this area as the tourist’s local attraction.
This Mangrove for Future 2.0 programme has changed our mind as students towards the way of preserving and conserving the environment. Then, we only think that we will help to preserve and to conserve the environment by reducing the plastic uses but now, we know that it is only one of the way in preserving and conserving the environment. One of the important things to do in preserving and conversing the environment is by securing the sea habitats which can be achieved if a good care has been secured at the mangrove area. Other than that, there is a lot of info gained during this programme about the importance of the mangrove and its contribution to the environment and our community. From the information and knowledge gained through this programme, we all now know that not only the herbs and medicine can cure a disease but mangrove also can be one of the curing methods. Despite that, there is a lot of curing method exists in this world can be explored apart from using herbs and medicine. We as students must collect all the possible knowledge about the environment and know about their importance.
One of our participant from this programme has stated that there are not a lot of people who are voluntary to involve in mangrove programme as it is a tough work which involves the mud. So why not, we as the student helps in preserving and conserving the environment for the future generation through this programme instead just studying as mangrove gives us many benefits and importance. In a nutshell, preserving and conversing the mangrove will result in securing the sea habitats and helps to prevent the erosion at the seashore.