My Starfish Foundation - Sugud Waste Inundation Management (S.W.I.M.)
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Sugud Waste Inundation Management (S.W.I.M.)

Helping the Underprivileged Community

Kampung Sugud, Penampang shown in Figure 1 & 2 is one of the places that is often affected by floods. Last year, one of the biggest floods in Sabah swept Sugud on September 15, 2021 as shown in Figure 7. Based on Figure 2, without taking any waste into account, it is very crucial to have a river with good water flow to prevent flooding because the only road that leads to the main road is at the lowest level and the surrounding terrains are hills.There are two types of flood. The first type of flood is when the grading of the area is not designed as so to allow water to flow towards the river or drainage that when it rains, the water will not be able to flow naturally towards the drainage or in this case the river. When this happens, the water will pool up and seep into the soil and cause the underground water table to rise and cause flood. This is not the type of flood we are trying to solve but the next one is where the area has good gradation so that water can flow towards the river and exit the area thus preventing water to pool up. But in Sugud, it will flood when it starts to rain heavily where all the small to intermediate wastes starts to accumulate at the bridges ie the two points my team and I had found in the village. One way to solve this problem is by enlarging the river width and depth so that the wastes will not accumulate. But by doing so will need to reconstruct the bridge which will take a lot more costs. Our way of solving this problem is by providing the villagers a way to deal with the branches and wastes when it rains and starts to clog and slow down the water flow which will cause the water to start to rise and cause the underground water to rise as well thus causing flood. The said solution to the problem is by designing and constructing a waste entrapment made out of steel so that it acts as an interceptor during rainy weather and is able to be operated with simple pulley mechanism by the person in charge on the said rainy day as shown below in Table 1 in the Sustainability section.To combat this issue, our group has come up with a project that is able to reduce the rate of floods occurring in Kampung Sugud as shown in Figure 8. Figure 1: Kg Sugud areaFigure 2: Terrain overviewFigure 3: Station 1 locationFigure 4: Station 1 siteFigure 5: Station 2 locationFigure 6: Station 2 siteFigure 7: Last year’s flood at Sugud AreaFigure 8 : Sketch of the design 

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University/College
Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
RM 413.00
Goal: RM 312.00
Fund Approved by MSF: RM 5,000.00

Overview of Issue / Background

Kampung Sugud, Penampang shown in Figure 1 & 2 is one of the places that is often affected by floods. Last year, one of the biggest floods in Sabah swept Sugud on September 15, 2021 as shown in Figure 7. Based on Figure 2, without taking any waste into account, it is very crucial to have a river with good water flow to prevent flooding because the only road that leads to the main road is at the lowest level and the surrounding terrains are hills.

There are two types of flood. The first type of flood is when the grading of the area is not designed as so to allow water to flow towards the river or drainage that when it rains, the water will not be able to flow naturally towards the drainage or in this case the river. When this happens, the water will pool up and seep into the soil and cause the underground water table to rise and cause flood. This is not the type of flood we are trying to solve but the next one is where the area has good gradation so that water can flow towards the river and exit the area thus preventing water to pool up. But in Sugud, it will flood when it starts to rain heavily where all the small to intermediate wastes starts to accumulate at the bridges ie the two points my team and I had found in the village. 

One way to solve this problem is by enlarging the river width and depth so that the wastes will not accumulate. But by doing so will need to reconstruct the bridge which will take a lot more costs. Our way of solving this problem is by providing the villagers a way to deal with the branches and wastes when it rains and starts to clog and slow down the water flow which will cause the water to start to rise and cause the underground water to rise as well thus causing flood. 

The said solution to the problem is by designing and constructing a waste entrapment made out of steel so that it acts as an interceptor during rainy weather and is able to be operated with simple pulley mechanism by the person in charge on the said rainy day as shown below in Table 1 in the Sustainability section.

To combat this issue, our group has come up with a project that is able to reduce the rate of floods occurring in Kampung Sugud as shown in Figure 8

Figure 1: Kg Sugud area

Figure 2: Terrain overview

Figure 3: Station 1 location

Figure 4: Station 1 site


Figure 5: Station 2 location

Figure 6: Station 2 site

Figure 7: Last year’s flood at Sugud Area

Figure 8 : Sketch of the design

 

Project Objectives (Vision & Mission)

  1. Reducing the risk of floods occurring in the Kg. Sugud area by improving the river flow.
  2. Able to reduce the occurrence of floods due to the type 2 flood as much as 80%.
  3. Integrate flood hazard reduction with efforts to preserve and restore.
  4. Keep the river free of branches and waste.

Due to extreme floods that oftenly occurred in Kampung Sugud as seen in Figure 7, it has caused massive damages to the affected residents. A lot of houses and properties were also affected by floods. 

One of the main factors of this occurrence are due to branches and wastes clogging up the flow of the river. It has caused the water to overflow above the bridge and the river bank causing floods to happen. 

Thus, in order to reduce the burden faced by the villagers, this project will design a waste trapper that will trap all of the rubbish and branches mainly, to allow the river to flow smoothly.

 

Project Details (Activities and Tasks)

  • Preparation of proposal - consists of different aspects including detailed plans, specifications as well as cost estimation of our project.
  • Planning and discussion - survey location to construct the waste entrapment
  • Proposal checking - by our supervisor, Sr Ts. Dr. Asmawan Mohd. Sarman and Khind Starfish Foundation
  • Project approval - by Khind Starfish Foundation
  • Survey on Kampung Sugud’s Residents - to know more details regarding the cause of the flood and also the resident’s experiences during the flood
  • Inspection on the river blockage 
  • Preparations of material and budgeting - purchased materials that are required to build the waste entrapment
  • Meeting with the villagers - to discuss with the Sugud’s Chief and create community among villagers
  • Final project report

Figure 9: Organizational Chart Committee

Waste Entrapment Committee

Based on Figure 9, a committee will be created among the villagers. The committee will be supervised by Sr. Ts. Dr. Asmawan bin Mohd Sarman. The leader of this project is Muhammad Aniq Azraei bin Suradi. This committee will also be working with two authorities which are JKR, `Penampang Fire and Rescue.

The reason this project involves the JKR is because we need to acquire details regarding the location that will be chosen, such as if there is any future plan for the location and to acknowledge them regarding the waste entrapment that will be built. 

Meanwhile, the involvement of Penampang Fire and Rescue is to monitor the location during heavy rain. Besides that, there is Sugud’s Village Chief, Puan Mary Jimbangan, who will monitor from time to time on waste entrapment and also ensure the volunteers follow the schedule to pull out the waste. Lastly, receivers who was chosen among the villagers will be responsible to clear the waste trapped. 

How safe is our project?

  1. Our group members consist of two experienced construction personnel, whom are Muhammad Aniq Azraei bin Suradi and Karvinthan Kalaichelvan. Both of them are well trained and aware of the safety during constructing the waste entrapment. 
  2. Besides that, this project does not involve machinery.
  3. Lastly, we will ensure that the villagers and our safety is our priority by ensuring that all the volunteers are wearing appropriate attire and following the procedure.

Expected Project Result & Outcomes

  1. Reduce the flood risk for the villagers
  2. Protect the properties of the villagers from flood
  3. Create a responsibility among the community to be in charge of the waste trapper
  4. Improve air and water quality - river clean from waste and branches
  5. Reduce villager's health risk
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RM 413.00

132% of RM312.00 Goal

  13 Supporters
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