NO MORE CLOUDY WATER
Kampung Langsat Kinomulok, Papar is located at West of Sabah, Malaysia. The area comprises of 12,875.8 square meters and as of 2017 has a population of 128. However, the area is encountering muddy water supply after the occurrence of rainfall. Hence, villagers in this area are facing clean water supply problem. As the students of Civil Engineering from Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, we are interested to propose the best solution regarding this problem, and keen in developing the area mentioned above by carrying out a water filtration tank project and improvisation of catchment area.Figure 1 shows the site location of the project implementation. Arrow marked in red colour indicates the water flow from catchment area to the main water tank. In this project, the target will be consisted of sixteen (16) houses in that area. Each house comprises of at least eight (8) members. The name of every head house with regards of the labelled houses on figure 1 are as follows:1. Pius Siyun 2. Kulai 3. Enig 4. Joseph 5. Francis S 6. Roger 7. Noemi 8. Ayim 9. Sumana 10. John 11. Francis Koodom 12. Rosetha 13. Winnie 14. Henry 15. Ruza 16. Buni
Overview of Issue / Background
Kampung Langsat Kinomulok, Papar is located at West of Sabah, Malaysia. The area comprises of 12,875.8 square meters and as of 2017 has a population of 128. However, the area is encountering muddy water supply after the occurrence of rainfall. Hence, villagers in this area are facing clean water supply problem. As the students of Civil Engineering from Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, we are interested to propose the best solution regarding this problem, and keen in developing the area mentioned above by carrying out a water filtration tank project and improvisation of catchment area.
Figure 1 shows the site location of the project implementation. Arrow marked in red colour indicates the water flow from catchment area to the main water tank. In this project, the target will be consisted of sixteen (16) houses in that area. Each house comprises of at least eight (8) members. The name of every head house with regards of the labelled houses on figure 1 are as follows:
1. Pius Siyun
5. Francis S
11. Francis Koodom
Project Objectives (Vision & Mission)
1) Provide clean water to the residents of Kg. Langsat, Papar
Several stages of water filtration tank will be installed in order to filter the water supply before being channelled to the gravity tank and subsequently to the residences. The filtration tank will help to filter the cloudy water and thus providing cleaner water for the villagers.
2) To fully utilize the sustainable water treatment technology
Utilization of innovative technologies, systems, components, processes, and management approaches in order to reduce risks and environmental damage.
Project Details (Activities and Tasks)
In this project, the major task is the design of water filtration system. Water filtration is a general term that refers to any system or process that is used to filter out particles and pollutants from water. This water filtration system enables the community to get clean water from the catchment area. In order to design a water filtration, each layer of the system comprises of different materials.
The material that will be used will be explained further in the project implementation. By improving the catchment area and constructing efficient stages of filter tanks will allow villagers to consume clean water.
The purpose of this project is to provide clean water to the villagers at Kg. Langsat Kinomulok, Papar, Sabah. This is because the water from the catchment area become muddy during and after rainfall. Therefore, the villagers will get muddy water as their source of water. Sometimes, the pipe will clog due to the particles such as soil, which blocking the water flows.
By working together with the users or villagers from early design, installation and testing, it is anticipated that the project would be easy to operated and maintained by them. There will be at least two (2) elements of sustainability of water filtration which include:
Like any other products or services, the filtration tank that will be implemented to the gravity tank in Kg. Langsat also needs maintenance once in a while in order for it to continue to function as designed. We as students do not have the chances to do the checking on the filter tanks regularly. Hence, the community of Kg. Langsat themselves need to have the knowledge or idea on how the filtration tank system work.
In order to achieve this objective, a meeting or demonstration will be conducted with the community of Kg. Langsat on how the filter system actually functioned and also how to utilize the filter tank implemented. Besides to have the knowledge about the filtration system, they can also understand about the importance of ensuring clean water supplied to houses for a healthier life-style.
Proper and regular maintenance of the filtration tank helps to extend the equipment lifetime, reduce system downtime and increase the overall safety of the community through cleaner water supplied on a long time basis. This is how the core ideology of maintenance and sustainability are directly linked.
2. Efficiency of the materials:
Theoretically, the system is efficient. The filtration system removes leaves, dirt, rust, and high pH value of liquid. The filtered water contains no leaves, has no noticeable acidic smell, and majority of the soil, and the rust colour will be eliminated.
Expected Project Result & Outcomes
From this project, the expected project results and outcomes are:
1. Providing clean water to the villagers.
2. Water quality in Kg. Langsat, Papar is improved.
3. Gaining knowledge, experience, and taking part in community work.
4. Knowledge of water filtration is shared with the villagers.
0% of RM1.00 Goal
|University name||:||UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA SABAH (UMS)|
|Project leader name||:||IVY PATRICK|
This project aim to provide cleaner water to the villagers of Kg. Langsat Kinomulok, Papar. The project scopes involves the upgradation of the existing catchment area and installing a filter system in Kg, Langsat Kinomulok, Papar.
This project was also funded by Yb. Dr. Daud Yusof in terms of materials for construction such as bricks, cement and aggregate.
This project took 8 weeks and 8 phases for its completion. During this project, the main constraint is time. As final year students, there are limitation on time allocation for this project. However, all members are willing to cooperate in order to complete this task. In terms of money, the budget are enough and well spent. At the end of the project, the goals and objectives that have been set are successfully achieved because villagers are able to consume continuous clean water supply upon project completion. In this project, 16 families living Kg. Langsat Kinomulok, Papar (approximately 100 people) are benefitted from the clean water supply. Regarding the system design, all materials especially those in the Filter Media Tank are sustainable. This is because the used materials will only need constant maintenance and no replacement of materials is needed in the near future. If appropriate maintenance is performed, the lifespan of materials in the filter media can be used in more than 10 years.
For this project, there can be a better future which is related to the water supply. From what we have learnt from the statement made by the villagers. From the statement that we had learnt from Mr. Francis Yopinsil, the Director of Gravitational Water Pipes in Kg. Langsat, he mentioned that there is another existing water source located 2km away from the current catchment area. The mentioned catchment area are able to provide more water source for the villagers. Hence, in the near future, piping layout can be made in order to channel the water from the new catchment to the current catchment. This way, more water supply will be provided to the villagers
This project has provided better and more efficient water collection method and provided the filter system tank. Before this, the water consumed by the villagers sometimes get cloudy especially during raining. Besides, their existing catchment area is not properly maintained which sometime get blocked by dirt, leaves and small branches and eventually causes water to be blocked from being channelled to the gravity tank.
However, after the upgradation of catchment area and filter system installation are executed, villagers are able to enjoy continuous supply of cleaner water. Besides that, the materials which are involved in the filter system also does not need replacement in the near future when properly maintained. The only thing required for the maintenance is water for washing purpose and sun for drying purpose. Hence, it can be said that almost no cost is needed for the maintenance. From this statement, this project has contributed to the villagers’ happiness by providing continuous clean water supply. We believe that the project provide long term happiness for the villagers. This is because the lifespan of the constructed structure can be used for a long time and even if improvisation is needed in the structure, it can be easily done.
This project did changed the way on how we think about the world. Before this, we only think that when a community work is to be done in a certain location, the community in that place only want to receive the result and enjoy the services provided. However, in Kg. Langsat, we learned that all community are very excited to receive new things and improvement and if they can be involved and contribute to something, they will become happier and appreciate the services better. Besides, we also learned that the villagers are extremely happy with the cleaner water supply as they do not have to rely on the water supplied by government too much which will increase their monthly expenses.
As the villagers receive the news that we want to do a community work in their compound, they are extremely happy and welcomed us to their place. All matters related to the projects are also discussed nicely with us and during the projects, no dispute has ever occur. This means that if we have good intentions towards other, they will definitely cooperate nicely in order to achieve better outcomes of certain projects.
“Giving others happiness is the same as giving oneself happiness. Seeing smile upon others face will bring smile to ones’ own face as well.” – Ivy Patrick.
“One of the best feelings as a living person is when others give you the cooperation that you are expecting from them, and the greatest feelings is felt when when they give more.” – Nur Ameera Jerina Binti Roger.